Julius Caesar had possibly more impact on his time than any other Roman. Politically, Caesar took control of Rome's destiny, guiding it to become an empire that would rule the ancient world for another 500 years. As a military leader, he is generally described as one of the greatest commanders in history. This video looks at Roman society, politics, and the civil wars during the First Century BCE. Caesar's family background, early life, marriages, ambition, military and political careers are studied. His rise to power begins when he joins Pompey and Crassus in the First Triumvirate. Caesar achieved great success during the Gallic Wars, but his relationship with Pompey and the Senate deteriorated, leading to civil war. When Caesar had defeated all his enemies, he was declared dictator for life. As dictator, he introduced many new policies and reforms, but was extremely unpopular with key members of the Senate. A conspiracy to assassinate Caesar developed and, on March 15 44BCE, he was stabbed to death.